[227] Large increases in the developing world (around 23,000 per day) have been accompanied by substantial declines in the developed world, mainly in Western Europe and North America. [26], Only in recent decades have surveys begun to measure changes in religious identity among individuals. Read our research on: Congress | Economy | Gender. Muslims who leave the faith often face abuse and violence - but a grassroots group that's touring American colleges is trying to help. Sign up now! Before it was banned in certain countries, the religion "hugely increased" in sub-Saharan Africa. [38], According to a survey of religion in China in the year 2010, the number of people practicing some form of Chinese folk religion is near to 950 million (70% of the Chinese),[39] of which 173 million (13%) practice some form of Taoist-defined folk faith. [72] Christianity is still the largest religion in Central and Eastern Europe, according to a 2017 study by the Pew Research Center, the share of adults who identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox in Russia, Ukraine and Bulgaria has been significantly increased between 1991 and 2015. [319] A new study of Population Reference Bureau by demographers Charles Westoff and Tomas Frejka suggests that the fertility gap between Muslims and non-Muslims is shrinking and although the Muslim immigrants do have more children than other Europeans their fertility tends to decline over time, often faster than among non-Muslims. H. Patrick Glenn, Legal Traditions of the World. The UN concluded that in the first eight months of 2014, at least 9,347 civilians had been killed and at least 17,386 wounded. By 2040, Muslims will replace Jews as the nations second-largest religious group after Christians. Some faiths grow exponentially at first (especially, for example, along trade routes[27] [305] A 2007 Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) report argued that some Muslim population projections are overestimated, as they assume that all descendants of Muslims will become Muslims even in cases of mixed parenthood. [26], The largest net gains for the religiously unaffiliated between 2010 and 2050 are expected in North America (+26 million), Europe (+24 million), Latin America (+6 million), and the Asia-Pacific region (4 million). [478][479] Sikhs have the lowest fertility rate amongst India's four major religious groups, at 1.6 children per woman in 2019-20. [512][513][514] However, this has not been confirmed by independent sources. [117], According to the historian Geoffrey Blainey from the University of Melbourne, since the 1960s there has been a substantial increase in the number of conversions from Islam to Christianity, mostly to the Evangelical and Pentecostal forms. [51], By 2050, the Christian population is expected to exceed 3billion. [300] According to a 2019 study by the Pew Research Center; "around the globe, Muslims have higher fertility rates than Christians on average. [124][a] Countries with the largest numbers of Muslims converted to Christianity according to this study include Indonesia (6,500,000),[125] Nigeria (600,000),[125] Iran (500,000 versus only 500 in 1979),[125] the United States (450,000),[126] Ethiopia (400,000) and Algeria (380,000). What the data says about gun deaths in the U.S. Islam is now the second most popular religion on the planet with more . [220][221][222] Churches in Europe say that there is an increase in the number of Muslims converting to Christianity among immigrants. According to Johnson and Grim, Buddhism has grown from a total of 138 million adherents in 1910, of which 137million were in Asia, to 495million in 2010, of which 487million are in Asia. [322][323] According to David Ignatius, there is major decline in Muslim fertility rates as pointed out by Nicholas Eberstadt. Statistics commonly measure the absolute number of adherents, the percentage of the absolute growth per-year, and the growth of converts in the world. [47] In Nigeria, the percentage of Christians has grown from 21.4%, in 1953, to 50.8%, in 2010. Islam has also been shaped by those who leave it and this happened early on in the formation of an Islamic community in seventh century Arabia. [462] The religion began in the region of Punjab in eastern Pakistan and Northwest India. Hispanics and African-Americans, who were already converting well before 9/11, are the most common ethnic groups to convert. [361], In 2010 Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nigeria was home for (47.8%) of the world's Muslims. Changes in son preference, ultrasound use and fertility", "Census shocker: Sikhs report lowest sex ratio", "India's Sex Ratio at Birth Begins To Normalize", "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables Religion (108), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey", "What is the Fastest Growing Religion in Australia? It also stated that over a 50% decline was found in 22 Muslim countries and over a 60% decline in Iran, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Bangladesh, Tunisia, Libya, Albania, Qatar and Kuwait. After the death of Muhammad in 632 CE, the young Muslim federation came under strain. by Warren Clark and Grant Schellenberg", "Mxico sigue siendo catlico pero crece el nmero de ateos", "Mexico still Catholic, but number of atheists on the rise", "International Religious Freedom Report 2012 New Zealand", "Sikhism | History, Doctrines, Practice, & Literature", "Religion by visible minority and generation status: Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations with parts", "The Daily The Canadian census: A rich portrait of the country's religious and ethnocultural diversity", "B16001LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME BY ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH FOR THE POPULATION 5 YEARS AND OVER", "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population", "Table QS210EW 2011 Census: Religion (Detailed), local authorities in England and Wales", "2011 Australian Census - Fastest Growing Religions", "2071.0 - Census of Population and Housing: Reflecting Australia - Stories from the Census, 2016", "We need to worry about the decline in Sikh numbers", "Proportion and growth rate of population by religious communities, India, 19612001", "1. Low fertility rates and aging populations in countries such as China, Thailand and Japan are the main demographic reasons for the expected shrinkage in the Buddhist population in the years ahead". According to Pew Forum, Hindus are anticipated to continue to be concentrated primarily in the Indo-Pacific region in 2050. Since then, the Muslim population has continued to grow at a rate of roughly 100,000 per year, driven both by higher fertility rates among Muslim Americans as well as the continued migration of Muslims to the U.S. The Next Christendom: The Rise of Global Christianity. The survey was conducted in June 2020 for 15 days from June 17th to July 1st in 2020 and reflects the views of the educated people of Iran over the age of 19 (equivalent to 85% of Adults in Iran) and can be generalized to apply to this entire demographic. The Evil Eye is a curse that is believed to be cast by someone who has envy or jealousy towards another person. In sociology, desecularization is the proliferation or growth of religion, most commonly after a period of previous secularization. [328] By the end of 2100 Muslims are expected to outnumber Christians. This scenario (Chinese scenario) is based primarily on sensitivity tests.[26]. To many Muslims, it may be the word of God, but in thinking this, they deny the fact that faith is a lived experience and the faith that they follow has been shaped by human lives who have gone before. Since the year 2000, the Israeli Druze community has witnessed a significant decrease in fertility-rate and a significant increase in life expectancy. According to Pew research, 13 percent of Americans today self-identify as "former Catholics," and many of them leave organized religion altogether. [64][66] Much of the growth has occurred after World War II, when decolonization of Africa and abolition of various restrictions against Protestants in Latin American countries occurred. [112][113][114] According to the same data, most of the Jews who identify themselves as some sort of Christian (1.6million) were raised as Jews or are Jews by ancestry. [358], There exist different views among scholars about the spread of Islam. By 2030 Muslims are projected to represent about 26.4% of the global population (out of a total of 7.9billion people). [83], The US Department of State estimated in 2005 that Protestants in Vietnam may have grown by 600% over the previous 10 years. Islam is the fastest-growing religion in Europe. Only 4.7% of the Parsi community are under 6 years of age, which translates to 7 births per year per 1,000 individuals. This scenario (Chinese scenario) is based primarily on sensitivity tests. [81] According to scholar Terence Chong, since 1980s Protestantism is expanding in Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, and South Korea. [249] According to the Council on Foreign Relations the "number of Chinese Protestants has grown by an average of 10 percent annually since 1979". Pew Research projections, over time fertility rates generally converge toward the Still others said they wanted to belong to a community (10%), that marriage or a relationship was the prime motivator (9%), that they were introduced to the faith by a friend, or that they were following a public leader (9%). [309] Studies estimated about 30,000 converting to Islam annually in the United States. [387], Today, the majority of the world's Jewish population is concentrated in two countries, the United States and Israel,[389] in 2013, the United States and Israel were collectively home to more than 80percent of the global Jewish population, each country having approximately 41percent of the world's Jews. [460], According to Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, by 2050 unaffiliated or nonreligious are expected to account for 27% of North America total population (up from 17.1% as in 2010), and 23% of Europe total population (up from 18% as in 2010). Since 2010, the rate of increase was of 0.3% in the Americas and Europe. [359] By 2050 Asia will be home to (52.8%) of the world's Muslims, and about (24.3%) of the world's Muslims will live in Sub Saharan Africa, (20%) the Middle East and North Africa, and 2% in Europe. [38], It was reported in 2013 that around 5,000 British people convert to Islam every year, with most of them being women. [465] Outside of India, the largest Sikh communities are in the core Anglosphere, with 771,790 in Canada (2.1% Sikh),[466][467] 472,498 in the United States (0.1% Sikh),[470] 432,429 in the United Kingdom (0.7% Sikh),[471][472][473] 210,397 in Australia (0.8% Sikh),[474][475] and 40,908 in New Zealand (0.9% Sikh). [338], By 2010 an estimated 44 million Muslims were living in Europe (6%), up from 4.1% in 1990. Everyday, 16,000 Muslims convert to Christianity. [230][231][232][233][234][235][236] The 2014 Religious Landscape Study finds a large majority (87.6%) of those who were raised as Christians in the United States still identify as such, while the rest who no longer identify as Christians mostly identify as religiously unaffiliated, and the number of those leaving Christianity in the United States is greater than the number of converts; however, the number of those convert to evangelical Christianity in the United States is greater than the number of those leaving that faith. "[] the insignificant amount of this yearly tax, the fact that it was progressive, that elders, poor people, handicapped, women, children, monks, and hermits were exempted, leave no doubt about exploitation or persecution of those who did not accept Islam. For example, federal legislation prohibits and criminalizes non-Muslims for preaching or converting Muslims into their religion, even though the reverse is allowed. In 2015, the internationally recognized religion was the second-largest international religion in Iran,[413] Panama,[414] Belize,[415] Bolivia,[416] Zambia,[417] and Papua New Guinea;[418] and the third-largest in Chad,[419] and Kenya. [438] Bah' sources state "more than five million" Bah's in 1991-2. [349] The prospect of a homogenous Muslim community per se, or a Muslim majority in Europe is however out of the question. 218219. Those in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) nations and in the U.S. and Canada equally cite. [1] According to them, there was a fast annual growth of Buddhism in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and several Western European countries (19102010). This increase primarily reflects the rapid growth of Haredi and some Orthodox sectors, who are becoming a growing proportion of Jews. HarperCollins, New York, 2008, p. 118-119, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Bromiley ed, VI p 742. Among this group, 55% no longer identify with any religion, according to the 2017 survey. The latest estimate combines informationfrom our 2017 surveyof U.S. Muslims which reported on the prevalence of Muslims among immigrants and other demographic groups withofficial Census Bureau data on the number of people in these groups. [115][116] According to study by Pew Research Center in 2021, around 19% of American those who say they were raised Jewish or who had at least one Jewish parent now identify as Christian. [43], According to scholars Miikka Ruokanen and Paulos Huang of University of Helsinki, the rebirth of traditional religion in China is faster and larger than the spread of other religions in the country, such as Buddhism and Christianity:[44]. See also "Merely speaking of a 'Muslim community in France' can be misleading and inaccurate: like every immigrant population, Muslims in France exhibit strong cleavages based on the country of their origin, their social background, political orientation and ideology, and the, Stark, Rodney. Those who have left Islam are more likely to be immigrants from Iran (22%) than those who have not switched faiths (8%). And roughly one-in-five (19%) volunteered that they had no religion before converting to Islam, while smaller shares switched from Orthodox Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism or some other religion. Atheism and agnosticism are not typically considered religions, but data about the prevalence of. [454] In Australia, census data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics give "no religion" the largest gains in absolute numbers over the 15 years from 1991 to 2006, from 2,948,888 (18.2% of the population that answered the question) to 3,706,555 (21.0% of the population that answered the question). [223][224], Religious conversions are projected to have a "modest impact on changes in the religious groups including Christian population" between 2010 and 2050;[225] and may negatively affect the growth of Christian population and it's share of the world's populations "slightly". It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. [65] In 2000, percentage of Protestants on mentioned continents was 17%, more than 27% and 5.5%, respectively. [271], According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics in 2017, the Israeli Druze population growth rate of 1.4%, which is lower than the Muslim population growth rate (2.5%) and the total population growth (1.7%), but higher than the Arab Christian population growth rate (1.0%). [52] In 2010, 26% of the world's Christians lived in Europe, followed by 24.4% in Latin America and the Caribbean, 23.8% in Sub-Saharan Africa, 13.2% in Asia and the Pacific, 12.3% in North America, and 1% in the Middle East and North Africa. [330], While the total Fertility Rate of Muslims in North America is 2.7 children per woman in the 2010 to 2015 period, well above the regional average (2.0) and the replacement level (2.1). "They were reporting on the mass conversions of Muslimsas many as 6-8 millionin sub-Saharan, Africa, and they have repeated the warning every year," he said. Islam is expected to gain 3.2 million followers, while Buddhists and Jews are expected to lose 2.9 million and 0.3 million adherents, respectively. The birth rate is expected to be the main factor in the growth of Christianity. In fact, about half of all converts to Islam (53%) identified as Protestant before converting; another 20% were Catholic. If you're struggling, there are groups online that can help (including the organisation mentioned in this article), as well as resources like Kids Helpline, which helps young people up to the age . [405] The result is that most countries in the Diaspora have steady or slightly declining religiously Jewish populations as Jews continue to assimilate into the countries in which they live. [437] In 1989 the Universal House of Justice named Bolivia, Bangladesh, Haiti, India, Liberia, Peru, the Philippines, and Taiwan as countries where growth in the religion had been notable in the previous decades. For example, it became gradually . But while the share of American Muslim adults who are converts to Islam also is about one-quarter (23%), a much smaller share of current Christians (6%) are converts. [70] On the other hand, Central and Eastern European countries did not experience a decline in the percentage of Christians, as the proportion of Christians in these countries have mostly been stable or even increasing. [394] Studies have shown that Haredi Jews population is rising rapidly due to the young age and very high fertility-rate,[395] especially in Israel. And as the ranks of the nones have swelled,. Of the total 506 people who registered their change of religion with the government, 241 were those who converted from Christianity or Islam to Hinduism. [397] The diaspora countries, by contrast, have low Jewish birth rates, an increasingly elderly age composition, and a negative balance of people leaving Judaism versus those joining. In this . [111] Data from the Pew Research Center has it that, as of 2013, about 1.6million adult American Jews identify themselves as Christians, most as Protestants. At the end of 2017, the average age of the Israeli Druze was 27.9. January 26, 2018 The share of Americans who leave Islam is offset by those who become Muslim By Besheer Mohamed and Elizabeth Podrebarac Sciupac Like Americans in many other religious groups, a substantial share of adults who were raised Muslim no longer identify as members of the faith. [308] Many converts to Islam said that they suffered from hostility from their families after converting. [338], It is often reported from various sources, including the German domestic intelligence service (Bundesnachrichtendienst), that Salafism is the fastest-growing Islamic movement in the world. [515], Statistics on religious adherence are difficult to gather and often contradictory; statistics for the change of religious adherence are even more so, requiring multiple surveys separated by many years using the same data gathering rules. Researchers polled mosques in London to try to calculate how many conversions take place a year. [310] According to The New York Times, an estimated 25% of American Muslims are converts,[311] these converts are mostly African American. [522], According to the Pew Research Center published in 2010, religious conversion may have little impact on religious demographics between 2010 and 2050. [29], Buddhism is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha, who was born in modern day Nepal and lived and taught in India in the 5th century BC. And many people who left last year are coming back too. [448] (See the geographic distribution of atheism. The goal is to secure virginal brides rather than to seek new converts to Islam. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World, Size & Demographic Characteristics of Religious Groups, Muslims are a growing presence in U.S., but still face negative views from the public, Republicans account for a small but steady share of U.S. Muslims, The share of Americans who leave Islam is offset by those who become Muslim, New estimates show U.S. Muslim population continues to grow, 60% of Americans Would Be Uncomfortable With Provider Relying on AI in Their Own Health Care, Gender pay gap in U.S. hasnt changed much in two decades. ", Jenkins, Philip. [252] According to a 2021 study by the Pew Research Center, Christianity in India gained an increase from conversion, most of the Christian converts in India are former Hindus. [45], According to a 2011 Pew Research Center survey, there are 2.2billion Christians around the world in 2010,[47] up from about 600 million in 1910. [420], From the Bah' Faith's origins in the 19th century until the 1950s, the vast majority of Bahs were found in Iran; converts from outside Iran were mostly found in India and the Western world. The growth of a religion can interact with factors such as persecution, entrenched rival religions (such as established religions), and religious market saturation.
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